It is called Marcion (no, I don’t know why) and includes a searchable version of Crum’s Coptic Dictionary, a searchable Liddell-Scott-Jones Greek Lexicon, and Henry Tattam’s A Compendious Grammar of the Egyptian Language (1863 edition) as well as Plumley’s An Introductory Coptic Grammar – Sahidic Dialect, and has been produced by Milan Konvicka. You can download it from sourceforge.net/projects/marcion/files/rc3/marcion_rc3-win32.zip/download, unzip it, then run marcion.exe.
According to the information posted at Marcion on Wikibooks (the help file) the full content is:
|New Testament||coptic||coptic (sahidic dialect)|
|Nag Hammadi Library||coptic||coptic (sahidic dialect)|
|codex Tchacos||coptic||coptic (sahidic dialect)|
|codex Achmim||coptic||coptic (sahidic dialect)|
|Life of st. Anthony||coptic||coptic (sahidic dialect)|
|Pistis Sophia (djvu)||coptic||coptic (sahidic dialect)|
|Gospel of Thomas (djvu, photo)||coptic||coptic (sahidic dialect)|
|New Testament||coptic||coptic (bohairic dialect)|
|Westminster Leningrad Codex||hebrew||hebrew|
|King James Version||latin||english|
|Bible of Kralice||latin||czech|
|Ceský ekumenicky preklad||latin||czech|
Dictionary Search Instructions
It is rather geeky and not exactly intuitive to use if you’re not a programmer. Fortunately for me, my son is a programmer and he saved me significant amounts of painful reading time so I thought I would share – especially seeing this means I will also have a written reference on how to use it.
First, install the program and make sure that you have the necessary fonts (New Athena Unicode for Greek and Coptic and Ezra SIL for Hebrew). You may also need to have a Unicode Greek/Coptic keyboard installed, because it seems that when I type in Coptic, that’s the mapping it uses. I already had these, so I am not sure what happens if you try to use it without them.
To find the English equivalent of a Coptic word
- If you want to search Crum, you click on “Action”, then “Crum query (Coptic)”.
- In the window that opens up in the right hand side, you can choose whether you search exact, like or regexp.
- exact means that you type in the exact word you’re looking for.
- like allows you to type in wild cards, using % in place of a character that you’re not sure about. Thus if you type M%T, it will search for words that have any of the 30 letters in the Coptic alphabet in place of the %
- regexp means regular expression and allows you to specify what options you want to put in instead of a character you’re not sure about. Thus, if you only want to check for MWT, MOT and MOYT, you could use this option, in which case you would type M[w|o|oy]T (where | is the symbol on top of the \ on a US keyboard – it appears on the keyboard as two small strokes, one above the other.) For a full explantion of how regular expressions work and what options you have, go to the Regular Expressions website.
- You type into the top box and what you are typing appears there in Roman font there and then in the box underneath in Coptic.
- You can chose whether you want it to show Greek equivalents, derivations and as an extra bonus, Czech (I assume because that is the first language of the guy who wrote the program). In the next tab, you can select which Coptic dialects you want it to search.
- Once this is all done, click on “query” and up pops your list.
To find the Coptic equivalent of an English (or Czech) word
Click on the tab that says English/Czech, select which language you want (English is the default) and then type your word. Select your options as above then click “query”. Depending on what you select you will get the Greek equivalent as well as the Coptic.
Using the Greek option
If you click on the Greek tab, you have two boxes like the ones that appear in the Coptic option. You type your word which appears in Roman font in the top box and in Greek below. Clicking “query” will provide you with both the English and Coptic equivalents (and also Czech if you select that in the tick boxes on the left).
The “Crum” option
If you click on this tab, you will be given the option of typing in the number of a page in Crum’s Coptic Dictionary and of selecting whether you want column A, column B or both. Clicking “query” displays all the words in the selected column(s) on the selected page. I am not totally sure how one might use this, but . . .
The program opens in a smallish window and once you’ve launched your query, you will probably find that there is an almost obscured scroll bar that allows you to move down all the results. If you click on the icon to enlarge the box to full screen, it’s easier to see the requisite scroll bar.
You can search Liddell-Scott-Jones in a similar manner. I currently have no use for this, so haven’t tried it, but it offers the option of “parse inflection” which could be nice. A searchable version of Crum, however, is a really wonderful resource, especially since it doesn’t use the ornate Coptic font family that I dislike. Milan Konvicka, whoever you are, I am exceedingly grateful to you.